Explore the Buddhist Monasteries at Kanheri

Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Western Express Highway, Borivali East, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

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About the site: Visited by Xuanzang in 7th century A.D., the Buddhist monastery at Kanheri was a well known Buddhist monastery and learning centre in ancient India. The site has more than 100 ancient Buddhist caves and is situated in the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Borivali, Mumbai. Kanheri is the only rock cut cave site in India which shows occupation for around 1500 years from 1st century B.C. till 15th century A.D. Apart from a study of different features of Buddhist architecture, the site also shows evolution of Buddhism in Western India, thanks to the various sculptures carved here. The main chaityagriha proves a link between the site and the Central Asian trade route. Kanheri has the earliest sculptural depiction of Buddha in the rock cut caves in Maharashtra dating back to end of 2nd century A. D. It also houses the internationally known and the earliest depiction of the 11 headed Avalokiteshwara whose cult became popular in China. Along with this, Kanheri shows a unique rain water harvesting system and water management system used by monks 1800 years ago.


About the expert: Dr. Suraj Pandit is Head, Department of Buddhist Studies and Department of Ancient Indian Culture at Sathaye College, Mumbai. He has completed his PhD in 'Religious development of Buddhism understood through the art of Kanheri' under the guidance of Dr. A. P. Jamkhedkar. Since then, he has been working towards understanding the rock cut caves of Mumbai and has published several research papers, especially on Kanheri.

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About the visit: The visit is an opportunity to explore important Buddhist caves and sculptures at Kanheri under the expert guidance of Dr. Suraj Pandit, who has been carrying out research on Kanheri for more than 20 years. This day long visit to Kanheri will introduce participants to different monks, donors and Buddhist schools of this monastery with the help of inscriptions, art and architecture. We will also take a look at the water management system seen here.

Kanheri Caves

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Pathil was started to create awareness about the diverse and vibrant cultural heritage of India. We host cultural tours, nature trails and experiential heritage walks in various locations exploring architecture, traditions and unique historical significance. Our aim is to revisit the concept of cultural tours with a team of experts from History, Indology, Fort Architecture, Temple Art & Architecture, Botanists, Zoologists. All our trips are conducted by field specialist so that people can witness the stories from the pages of history and marvel the full glory of each place they visit. We want to make history as interesting as other topics so that people change their perspectives about their cities and feel pride of their past.

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- Pune to Pune transport - Breakfast, lunch, hi-tea, dinner - Entry fees, internal transportation - Expertise


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One will have to walk and climb up to the stairs, so make sure you wear comfortable clothing and walking shoes. Water bottles, cap, goggles, energy bar or dry snacks, writing material if reqd.


For Pune - Hotel Samudra, Nal Stop , Pune : 5:00 am

For Pune - Chandni Chowk, Paud Road, Pune : 5:20 am

For Mumbai - Participants to directly reach SGNP gate by 10 am.


The event starts fro Snajay Gandhi National Park, guests from Mumbai can directly report at SGNP gate by 10 am. Guests coming fromPune can opt for following pickup locations : Private bus will begin from Nal Stop at 5 am : 1. Hotel Samudra, Nal Stop , Pune : 5 am 2. Chandni Chowk, Paud Road, Pune : 5: 20 am

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